Cellular Quantum Consciousness and it’s Connections, the Cellular Basis of Consciousness (CBC). Consciousness emerges in each and every living cell. It’s not just a human brain thing.
Mind and Consciousness are NOT unique features of Human Brains.
A conscious moment occurs when an ‘individual’ is in a state of awareness of one’s self and the external environment, whether you’re a human or a single-celled organism.
The capacity of consiousness emerged very early in evolution and those processes that support consciousness in humans are characteristics of many living organisms.
Quantum consciousness proposes the existence and creation of a conscious moment through a computational event.
The weight of evidence indicates that humans are not unique in possessing the neurological substrates that generate consciousness.
Journal of Metaphysics and Connected Consciousness
The human brain has been extensively studied to understand the phenomena of human thought and behaviour in the context of consciousness. Consciousness has always been linked to the nervous system but there are several studies that have recorded conscious behaviours in organisms without nerve cells. This paper hypothesises that quantum energy generated consciousness emerges in each and every living cell and traverses by means of electromagnetic radiation; an oldest form of energy that exist in the cosmos and which utilizes the cellular structures to flow by means of a coherent, invisible, powerful, recyclable process; a connection with the cosmic energy bridge.
Key Words: Electromagnetic field, Cell, Consciousness, Quantum, Cosmic energy.
Electromagnetic force and gravitational force are some of the oldest forces of energy that exist. Cosmic energy is the cause of the universe, which is a form created from nothingness, but its principle of action is expressed through change managed by entropy.
Entropy: The measure of a system’s thermal energy per unit temperature that is unavailable for doing useful work.
At the level of a biological cell, entropy reduction arises from internal self organization, information storage and transfer. and the only way to support the laws of thermodynamics is by balancing these free energy changes with metabolic energy expenditures (Davies et al 2013) which might be true for all matter. The universe is a living, evolvmg, adapting universe, which utilizes information to organize itself and to create ever-increasing levels of complexity (Mitchell and Staretz 2011). Matter is an asymmetric form of light, which moulds and creates e.g. a living cell, With the capability to interact and capture energy from the cosmos.
The living cell is an organization of elementary particles, which requires a symmetric energy state, for it to come into existence. Cosmic energy obtained in the form of electromagnetic radiation is highly conserved in the universe and a confederation of these two forms can form a bridge which may hold the answer to consciousness. Information for the formation and progression of the universe is stored in atoms as charge and spin, With the electron prividing low energy to support life and the nuclear constituents such as protons and neutrons providing high energy for the stars (Teilhard de Chardin 1959).
Photons are stable, massless quantum objects that exhibit properties of both wave and particles With observable facts, such as diffraction and interference, on the length scale of its wavelength (Mead 2000; Okun 2006). Quantum tunnelling is a concept derived from quantum computing wherein photons travel through specialized cell organelles and ellicits signalling by means of movement and interaction of photons within the cell (Hameroff 1998a; 1998b), a process more rapid than any biochemical or electrochemical process that exists in the cell and can be compared to quantum computing.
This paper is a compilation of quantum based factors which hypothesises the existence of consciousness in every single living cell via the cosmic energy that resides in the cosmos.
Electromagnetic radiation and the formation of the cosmic energy bridge.
The Phototrophic way of life in living systems is by means of trapping of electromagnetic radiation energy, converting it to chemical energy to use it for cellular maintenance and growth (Overmann and Garcia-Pichel 2006).
The effect of electromagnetic radiations on biological systems depends on radiation strength and its frequency; these properties play an important role in energy transfer. Photon penetration was first demonstrated by Popo and Klimek by a process known as photon sucking, which involves active absorption and re-absorption of emitted radiation that supports biological regulation Within the cells and tissue (Popp and Klimek 2007). Vogel et al demonstrated this phenomenon in bacteria, where some bacterial species suck up radiations from their nutrition medium (Vogel and Submuth 1998).
Photons that interact with the cell, can be absorbed, scattered or reflected. The scattering behaviour of the cell is an important feature, because it determines the volume distribution of light intensity in the cell (Chung et al 2012, Tuchin 1997). Scattered photons are eventually absorbed or escape in the form of diffused reflection, but absorbed photons interact with organic molecules or photo molecules.
Absorption of photons occurs, when a charged particle moves from a higher energy excited state to lower energy ground state i.e. hf = E2-E1. where h is the Plank’s constant, f is the frequency of the photon, E2 is the energy of the excited state and E1 is the energy of the ground state and brings about a release of a photon (Marston 1999) leading to an optical window effect in the cell.
According to Schrodinger, a high level of organization in living cells can only be maintained because the cellular system within the cell continually obtains order from the environment, through sunlight (Chang et al 1998, Popp and Beloussov 2003).
Herbert Frohlich introduced the concept of coherence in a living system, where he considered absorbed light as an ultra weak radiation that is calm, with stable intensity and can superpose like a laser (Hyland 2000). He also postulated that biological systems exhibit coherent longitudinal vibrations of electrically polar structures (Frohlich 1968, 1967).
Most communications within or between cells occurs via chemical or electrical signalling. The first known cellular signalling was demonstrated by Alexander Gurwitsch, where he showed an increase in mitosis in a set of chemically isolated onion root cells present in a zone of actively dividing cells and called it “mitogenetic radiation“ which was electromagnetic in nature (Gurwitsch 1923; 1924, Gurwitsch and Gurwitsch 1924).
Low frequency electromagnetic force is known to affect various cell functions, including cell proliferation and differentiation, apoptosis, DNA synthesis, RNA transcription, protein expression, ATP synthesis and metabolic activity (Foleni et al 1999; Lisi et al 2006, 2008).
Biophotons or ultra weak photon emission is a well researched concept under the studies conducted by Popp and his group, where cells are known to emit one to thousands of photons/cm2. Biological cells are known to show increased intensity of these emissions, when they undergo physiological changes under chemical or physical stress (Slawmski 1990, 2003) or a “flash of death” when the cells get damaged beyond repair (Slawmski 2005).
The cytoskeleton is expected to be a source of vibrations that generate cellular electromagnetic forces at kilohertz to gigahertz range, which is also connected to the metastatic growth of this network (Pokorny’ 2005. 2006; 2009). Cells obey the laws of physics, such as the first law of thermodynamics and hence can be viewed as a thermodynamic machine but simultaneously it locally acts against the second law of thermodynamics by creating structural and functional order i.e. it creates and maintains information by expending energy produced from nutrient in the form of ATP and GTP molecules. Living cells can therefore be viewed as both micro-factories, with nanomachines performing Individual tasks and biological computers whose nanochips are the various proteins and peptides in addition to DNA and RNA (Davies et al 2013).
Every living cell is conscious….
At the first annual Francis Crick memorial conference on consciousness held on 7th July, 2012, a group of scientists formally declared a document entitled “Cambridge Declaration on Consciousness in Non Human Animals” which stated that the capacity of consiousness emerged very early in evolution and those processes that support consciousness in humans are likely characteristics of many living organisms (Low 2012). Lynn Margulis, in the endosymbiotic theory of organelle evolution, suggested that not only animals but every organized being is conscious (Margulis and Sagan 1995).
Humberto Maturana was the first to propose that living systems, though cognitive systems, are applicable to all organisms with and without a nervous system (Maturana 1970).
Consciousness is the ability to be aware of and to be able to perceive the relationship between one’s self and one’s environment.
It is to be associated with the ability to process, store and act on information gathered from the external environment (Miller and Bassler 2001), while quantum consciousness proposes the existence and creation of a conscious moment through a computational event (Hameroff and Penrose 2013).
The information of consciousness gained by the movement of the energy, resides in patterns of matter and energy, which are built up in the cell based on prior experiences with more interaction and knowledge.
The quantum hologram theory by Marcer proposes that, life at the most basic level such as primitive cells exchange information with the environment by utilizing quantum coherence of nonlocality (Hameroff 1998a) which is an attribute demonstrated by the photon activity. The trapping of electromagnetic radiation and propagation of the energy in the cell wholly depends on the organization of matter, which makes up the cell, its components and biochemical systems. On disentanglement or release, the photons are released and it merges with the electromagnetic radiation in the cosmos, an involuntary cycle that cannot be changed or altered.
The photons interact within the cell, only if its structure and cellular processes are primed; in the absence of these structures, the propagation gets altered. Propagation by electromagnetic radiation can be demonstrated in processes like photobiomodulation or low-power laser therapy. which is used to pump up the cell when under stress, by generating ATP. During this process the cell membrane and cytoplasm act as the first barrier for penetration of electromagnetic radiation and protects the cell, by mechanisms such as selective absorption, scattering, reflection and re-absorption.
Cytoskeletal structures such as microtubules in the brain cells have demonstrated this message transfer via the Orch OR theory penned by Roger Penrose and Stuart Hameroff (Hameroff and Penrose 2013). The cytoskeleton is expected to be a source of vibrations that generate cellular electromagnetic forces at kilohertz to gigahertz range, which is also connected to the metastatic growth of this network (Sahu et al 2013a; 2013b).
Penrose and Hameroff claim that constant formation and reformation of tubulin states in the cytoskeleton are governed by quantum mechanical effects within each tubulin interior and these effects function as a quantum computer using “quantum bits” that interact non locally with other tubulins and with quantum holograms.
When enough tubulins are entangled long enough to reach a certain threshold, a “conscious event” occurs (Hameroff 1998a, 1998b).
Evolutionary comparison of the cytoskeleton and its structures suggests that consciousness existed from the very beginning and has been propagating by means of the cytoskeletal network of the cell by means of quantum computing (Pereira 2015).
Pop and Klimek have shown the principle of photon sucking by which radiation becomes partially re-absorbed as soon as it is emitted by the tissue or cell (Popp and K Imek 2007). As per the laws of physics, a molecule cannot absorb low energy photons to emit high energy photons, but this can be overcome by the cell through the property of multi-photon excutation. Which results in emission of a higher energy photon, if two low energy photons are absorbed (Sun et al 2010).
Transmission of photons is ultra fast in comparison to any of the cellular biochemical processes, where searching, processing and retrieval of stored information from previous experiences are analyzed and then used to activate the processes required by the cell, which advances consciousness in the cell.
Upon death, biological cells are known to show increased intensity of biophoton emissions, when they undergo physiological changes under chemical or physical stress (Slawnnski 1990; 2003) or a “flash of death” when the cells get damaged beyond repair (Slawunsku 2005), which concludes the involuntary cycle of the flow of electromagnetic radiation within the cellular structures and merges with the cosmos.
Quantum based consciousness traverses within every cell and therefore can be hypothesised a support mechanism for important cellular functions such as cell proliferation and differentiation, apoptisis, DNA synthesis, RNA transcription, protein expression, ATP synthesis and metabolic activity. Quantum consciousness therefore enables the cell to understand and judge perceptions, which gives the cell a prospect to behave as per will which is released into the cosmos.
The relationship between the universe and consciousness can therefore be explained by the concept of cosmic symmetry wherein a cell comes to know the real world (King 2011) through the uninterrupted flow of radiation that prevails in the universe.
Single celled organisms demonstrate the presence of intelligence in its lowest form, which has evolved to a higher state as a form of adaptation by means of cell division and cell differentiation in higher organisms depicted by similarity in social behaviours (Marijuén et al 2013).
Every single biological cell is conscious and goes through the voluntary and involuntary cycles of consciousness generated by means of the quantum processes within the cells.
Consciousness emerges in each and every living cell and traverses by means of electromagnetic radiation; an oldest form of energy that exist in the cosmos and which utilizes the cellular structures to flow by means of a coherent, invisible, powerful, recyclable process; a connection with the cosmic energy bridge.
Quantum consciousness though, present within a cell, becomes much more complex, with muticellularity and cell diversity.
Cellular functioning can be accomplished when the flow of consciousness is smooth, alert and expansive, but gets deformed when consciousness is taut, disordered and apart.
Dr. Contzen Pereira, Independent Scholar, Mumbai, India
The Cambridge Declaration on Consciousness
Conscious experience and related behaviors in human and non-human animals.
On this day of July 7, 2012, a prominent international group of cognitive neuroscientists, neuropharmacologists, neurophysiologists, neuroanatomists and computational neuroscientists gathered at The University of Cambridge to reassess the neurobiological substrates of conscious experience and related behaviors in human and non-human animals. While comparative research on this topic is naturally hampered by the inability of non-human animals, and often humans, to clearly and readily communicate about their internal states, the following observations can be stated unequivocally:
– The field of Consciousness research is rapidly evolving. Abundant new techniques and strategies for human and non human animal research have been developed. Consequently, more data is becoming readily available, and this calls for a periodic reevaluation of previously held preconceptions in this field. Studies of non human animals have shown that homologous brain circuits correlated with conscious experience and perception can be selectively facilitated and disrupted to assess whether they are in fact necessary for those experiences. Moreover. in humans, new non invasive techniques are readily available to survey the correlates of consciousness.
– The neural substrates of emotions do not appear to be confined to cortical structures. In fact, subcortical neural networks aroused during affective states in humans are also critically important for generating emotional behaviors in animals. Artificial arousal of the same brain regions generates corresponding behavior and feeling states in both humans and non human animals. Wherever in the brain one evokes instinctual emotional behaviors in non human animals, many of the ensuing behaviors are consistent with experienced feeling states, including those internal states that are rewarding and punishing. Deep brain stimulation of these systems in humans can also generate similar affective states. Systems associated with affect are concentrated in subcortical regions where neural homologies abound. Young human and non human animals without neocortices retain these brain mind functions. Furthermore, neural circuits supporting behavioral/electrophysiological states of attentiveness, sleep and decision making appear to have arisen in evolution as early as the invertebrate radiation, being evident in insects and cephalopod mollusks (e.g.. octopus).
– Birds appear to offer, in their behavior, neurophysiology, and neuroanatomy a striking case of parallel evolution of consciousness. Evidence of near human like levels of consciousness has been most dramatically observed in African grey parrots. Mammalian and avian emotional networks and cognitive microcircuitries appear to be far more homologous than previously thought. Moreover, certain species of birds have been found to exhibit neural sleep patterns similar to those of mammals, including REM sleep and, as was demonstrated in zebra finches, neurophysiological patterns, previously thought to require a mammalian neocortex. Magpies in particular have been shown to exhibit striking similarities to humans, great apes, dolphins, and elephants in studies of mirror self recognition.
– In humans, the effect of certain hallucinogens appears to be associated with a disruption in cortical feedforward and feedback processing. Pharmacological interventions in non human animals with compounds known to affect conscious behavior in humans can lead to similar perturbations in behavior in non human animals.
In humans, there is evidence to suggest that awareness is correlated with cortical activity, which does not exclude possible contributions by subcortical or early cortical processing, as in visual awareness.
Evidence that human and non human animal emotional feelings arise from homologous subcortical brain networks provide compelling evidence for evolutionarily shared primal affective qualia.
We declare the following:
“The absence of a neooortex does not appear to preclude an organism from experiencing affective states. Convergent evidence indicates that non-human animals have the neuroanatomical, neurochemical, and neurophysiological substrates of conscious states along with the capacity to exhibit intentional behaviors. Consequently, the weight of evidence indicates that humans are not unique in possessing the neurological substrates that generate consciousness. Nonhuman animals, including all mammals and birds, and many other creatures, including octopuses, also possess these neurological substrates. ”
The Cambridge Declaration on Consciousness was written by Philip Low and edited by Jaak Panksepp. Diana Reiss, David Edelman, Bruno Van Swinderen, Philip Low and Christol Koch.
The Declaration was publicly proclaimed in Cambridge, UK, on July 7, 2012, at the Francis Crick Memorial Conference on Consciousness in Human and non-Human Animals, at Churchill College, University of Cambridge. by Low. Edelman and Koch.
The Declaration was signed by the conference participants that very evening, in the presence of Stephen Hawking, in the Balfour Room at the Hotel du Vin in Cambridge, UK. The signing ceremony was memorialized by CBS 60 Minutes.